Three new regulations collectively work to prohibit the discharge of raw sewage into the Juneau harbors. Although the federal Clean Water Act under 33 CFR Section 312 provides the statutory framework under which the EPA and the U.S. Coast Guard regulate sewage discharges from vessels, there are no local laws requiring the same within the harbors. To achieve Docks & Harbors' goal of attaining Alaska Clean Harbors recognition, the local governing body is required to establish regulations strictly prohibiting sewage discharge.
05 CBJAC 45.005 (Wastewater discharge) defines wastewater, provides a non-monetary penalty, and issues guidance to approved discharge methods. 05 CBJAC 45.010 (Marine Sanitation Devices) provides technical definition of the three types of Marine Sanitarian Devices certified by the Coast Guard for use aboard vessels.
05 CBJAC 45.015 (Marine sanitation requirements for vessels) requires that vessels in the harbors which have permanently installed toilet facilities must be compliant with Coast Guard certified Marine Sanitation Devices. Vessels in the harbors with portable toilets are not considered permanently installed and are exempt from this regulation. However, live aboard vessels registered with Docks & Harbors must be equipped with an operable Marine Sanitation Device.
These proposed regulations were advertised consistent with CBJ code and a public hearing at the July 27, 2017, Docks & Harbors Board. There were no comments received.